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Melanoma

Melanoma is a very serious type of cancer of the skin. Melanoma specifically affects the skin cells (melanocytes) that produce melanin, which is a protective pigment that makes the skin darker or tan. Although melanoma is less common than other types of skin cancers, it is much more dangerous because of its ability to invade other parts of the body. Like all skin cancer, melanoma is very curable if detected and treated early before it spreads to other parts of the body.

Unlike nonmelanoma skin cancers, melanoma can form anywhere on the skin, even on parts of the body that are not overexposed to sun.

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What is melanoma?

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Melanoma is a very serious type of cancer of the skin. Melanoma specifically affects the skin cells (melanocytes) that produce melanin, which is a protective pigment that makes the skin darker or ...

What are the signs and symptoms for melanoma?

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Nearly all moles (nevi) are harmless skin tumors that develop from melanocytes. Moles become worrisome only if they begin to change shape. Melanoma often f...

What are the risk factors for developing melanoma?

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There are many factors that contribute to an increased risk of developing melanoma. Some of the major risk factors include...

Skin biopsy to diagnose melanoma

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A dermatologist may take a skin biopsy after visual inspection of an atypical mole. Usually, the dermatologist will excise (cut) the entire mole for best diagnosis re...

How to prevent melanoma?

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The following is a list of steps that can be taken to lower the risks of developing melanoma...

Treatment of melanoma

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Early diagnosis and treatment of melanoma has a 90% survival rate outlook. If melanoma is not treated, the cancer can spread anywhere. Melanoma cancer commonly spreads...

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