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Infertility

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive despite having frequent intercourse for at least 1 year. An estimated 10 to 15% of couples in the United States are infertile. Most couples are able to naturally conceive within 6 months to one year.

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Infertility overview

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Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive despite having frequent intercourse for at least 1 year. An estimated 10 to 15% of couples in the United States are infertile.

What causes infertility in women?

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For women, around 40% of female infertility is caused by ovulation problems. Fallopian tube disorders account for 30% of infertility problems in women. Endometriosis accounts for 15% of female infertility.

What are the causes of infertility in men?

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The cause of infertility in men is unknown in up to 50% of infertility. The leading known cause of male infertility is hypogonadism. Another important cause is a blockage of sperm delivery from the testes to urethra.

Infertility test and diagnosis for men

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Diagnosis of infertility begins with a detailed history and physical examination of both the male and female. Detailed questions will be asked about your sexual practices, medical history, menstrual history, previous fertility, medications, caffeine intake, and the amount of street drugs or alcohol consumption.

Infertility test and diagnosis for women

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Diagnosis of infertility begins with a detailed history and physical examination of both the male and female. Detailed questions will be asked about your sexual practices, medical history, menstrual history, previous fertility, medications, caffeine intake, and the amount of street drugs or alcohol consumption.

Infertility treatment for women with endometriosis

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Unfortunately, treatment options are limited for infertility that is caused by endometriosis. Studies have shown that medical treatment for most women with endometriosis does not improve fertility rates.

Infertility treatment for women with fallopian tube blockages

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Fallopian tube surgery. scarring or blockages of the fallopian tubes can sometimes be repaired through fallopian tube surgery. The aim of the surgery is to remove scar tissue or adhesions, so that an egg can properly travel through the tubes and implant in the uterus.

Infertiilty treatment for women with ovulatory disorders

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Ovulation induction (OI) treatment attempts to stimulate the hormonal pathways to release an egg from the ovaries. Medications used to induce ovulation include clomid, FSH, HMG, and hCG.

In Vitro Fertlization treatment for infertility

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IVF consists of medically stimulating the ovaries to develop multiple eggs and fertilizing them in the laboratory with sperm. One or two embryos are then transferred into the uterus. Usually, several attempts at IVF treatment are often required before pregnancy occurs.

Infertility treatments for men

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The primary known causes of male infertility are due to hypogonadism (testosterone deficiency) or a blockage in sperm transport.

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